Lawyer: What You Need to Know

A lawyer is a professional who is trained and licensed to practice law. Lawyers provide legal advice and representation to individuals and businesses. They can help with a wide range of legal matters, including:

  • Civil law: Civil law deals with disputes // between individuals or businesses. Examples of civil law matters include personal injury lawsuits, contract disputes, and divorce proceedings.
  • Criminal law: Criminal law deals with crimes that are committed against the government or society. Examples of criminal law matters include murder, assault, and robbery.
  • Family law: Family law deals with domestic relations matters, such as divorce, child custody, and child support.
  • Business law: Business law deals with legal matters that affect businesses, such as contracts, employment law, and intellectual property law.

Lawyers play an important role in society protecting the rights of individuals and businesses. They also help to ensure that the law is applied fairly and justly.

How to Become a Lawyer

To become a lawyer, you must complete a four-year undergraduate degree and then earn a Juris Doctor (JD) degree from an accredited law school. After law school, you must pass the bar exam in the state where you wish to practice law.

Different Types of Lawyers

There are many different types of lawyers, each with their own area of expertise. Some of the most common types of lawyers include:

  • Trial lawyers: Trial lawyers represent clients in court. They may specialize in a particular area of law, such as personal injury law or criminal law.
  • Corporate lawyers: Corporate lawyers represent / businesses in legal matters such as contracts, mergers and acquisitions, and intellectual property law.
  • Real estate lawyers: Real estate lawyers help clients with buying, selling, and leasing property.
  • Family lawyers: Family lawyers help clients with divorce, child custody, child support, and other domestic relations matters.
  • Estate planning lawyers: Estate planning lawyers help clients to plan for their death and to distribute their assets to their heirs.

When to Hire a Lawyer

You should hire a lawyer if you are involved in a legal dispute or if you need legal advice on a particular matter. Some common situations where you may need to hire a lawyer include:

  • If you have been injured in an accident
  • If you are facing criminal charges
  • If you are getting a divorce
  • If you are buying or selling property
  • If you are starting a business
  • If you need to update your estate plan

How to Choose a Lawyer

When choosing a lawyer, it is important to consider the following factors:

  • Experience: Choose a lawyer who has experience handling cases similar to yours.
  • Reputation: Choose a lawyer with a good reputation in the legal community.
  • Personality: Choose a lawyer that you feel comfortable with and that you believe will fight for your rights.


Lawyers play an important role in society protecting the rights of individuals and businesses. If you are involved in a legal dispute or if you need legal advice, it is important to contact a lawyer.